The Instrument for Pre-accession Assistance (IPA) is the means by which the EU supports reforms in the 'enlargement countries' with financial and technical help.
The IPA funds build up the capacities of the countries throughout the accession process, resulting in progressive, positive developments in the region. EU pre‑accession funds make political and economic reform easier in the beneficiary countries and prepare them for the rights and obligations that come with EU membership.
IPA funding amounted to some €11.5bn over 2007‑13. The beneficiaries are: Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia, the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Iceland, Kosovo*, Montenegro, Serbia, and Turkey.
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*This designation is without prejudice to positions on status, and is in line with UNSCR 1244 and the ICJ Option on the Kosovo Declaration of Independence.